AMZALAK, ḤAYYIM


AMZALAK, ḤAYYIM
AMZALAK, ḤAYYIM (1824–1916), notable of the Jewish community in Ereẓ Israel. Amzalak, who was born in Gibraltar, went to Jerusalem with his parents in 1830. He became a grain merchant and banker, settled in Jaffa, and was appointed British vice consul for that town. He advised and guided the first emissaries of the Ḥovevei Zion (hibbat zion ) associations who came to Ereẓ Israel in 1882 from Russia, and was elected honorary president of the Committee of the Yesud ha-Ma'alah pioneers. This committee had been established in Jaffa by Z.D. Levontin to organize the activities of the settlers' associations. In 1882 when Jews of Russian origin were forbidden to purchase land in Ereẓ Israel, the Rishon le-Zion land was registered in Amzalak's name. At the beginning of World War I, Amzalak refused to renounce his British nationality and was exiled to Egypt. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Z.D. Levontin, Le-Ereẓ Avoteinu, 1 (1924), 48, 115; M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1938), 105–6; Tidhar, 2 (1947), 816; I. Klausner, Be-Hitorer Am (1962), index. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LISBON — LISBON, capital of portugal . The Middle Ages Jews were apparently settled in Lisbon in the 12th century, at the time of the conquest of the territory from the Moors and the establishment of the kingdom of Portugal by Affonso I (1139–85). For a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HOMILETIC LITERATURE — The scope of this article extends from the Middle Ages to modern times (for the talmudic period see midrash , aggadah , and preaching ) and deals with the nature of the homily and works in the sphere of homiletic literature. For a discussion of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LEIRIA — LEIRIA, city in W. central Portugal. Its Jewish community first came to notice in 1378 when the Jews complained to the king of their ill treatment by the gentile inhabitants, particularly during Holy Week. In 1492 after the expulsion from Spain,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NAVON, JOSEPH — (1858–1934), pioneer of Ereẓ Israel development. Navon was born into a prominent Sephardi family in jerusalem . His father, Eliahu Navon, was the Jewish representative in the Jerusalem regional council. Joseph was educated in France, and on his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • OROBIO DE CASTRO, ISAAC — (Balthazar; 1620–1687), philosopher and physician, born in Braganza, Portugal, of Marrano parentage. After studying medicine and philosophy in Alcalá de Henares, Orobio became a leading physician and professor of medicine in Seville and professor …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RISHON LE-ZION — (Heb. רִאשׁוֹן לְצִיּוֹן, First in Zion ), city in central Israel, 7 mi. (12 km.) S.E. of Tel Aviv Jaffa, founded in 1882 by ten pioneers from Russia headed by Z.D. Levontin . The name Rishon le Zion is based on Isaiah 41:27. In acquiring the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.